The population occupies the southern end of the Valle de Seta, and the term extends between the same valley and that of Travadell. Both the name of Gorga and that of the two valleys appear written in numerous documents from the 13th century as a result of inheritances, donations and other testamentary decisions, and they are almost always linked to sites in Barxell and Xirillent, in Alcoy’s district.
The configuration of the land is dotted with numerous ravines, faults and depressions that provide the end with great reliefs that characterize the irregular surface of terraces with plantations of fruit trees such as the peach, cherries, which achieves extremely high levels of recognized quality in markets everywhere, in addition to almond and olive trees, whose product is a result of the highest recognition at any level.
The Seta River, or Gorga River, deep, sinuous and magnificent, connects the valley of its name with that of Travadell where it empties into the right bank of the Serpis that descends from Alcoi.
In the Plaza Mayor, the palace that belonged to the Marquesas de Ariza stands out, with its stone shield crowning a robust gate. This palace was the entrance to the old town of Gorga that extended to “l’Ereta”.
Another beautiful monument is the Parish Church dedicated to Our Lady of the Assumption, built in 1742, in the neoclassical Renaissance style. In its interior, the image of the patron saint, the Virgen de Gracia, cut from polychrome wood, the wind pipe organ and an altarpiece called de las ánimas attributed to Juan de Juanes stand out.
On its land, olive, almond and fruit trees are mainly cultivated, especially peach trees. As for livestock, we find poultry farms and sheep and goats.
Currently, the town has a sports court, a swimming pool, fronton court and a 7-a-side soccer field, a squash court and a paddle tennis court.
Gorga, by Joaquim Genís Cardona.
The Sierra de Serrella is the great backdrop against which the sun rises every day until it illuminates the borders of the Gorga district. The town center extends over just two streets that run parallel to the bed of the small Còssi que ravine that descends from the Sierra de Balones.
The houses, preferably with white facades and ocher roofs that have darkened over time, have chimneys that release sighs into the sky from bonfires fueled by the trunks of olive, almond and peach trees, the main architects of a landscape that changes clothes depending on the season. year.
From the top of Millena, along the road that comes from Cocentaina, Gorga suddenly appears at the feet of the traveler who enters the Valle de Seta.
The Seta River barely insinuates itself as a great scar between fields of olive trees and terraced fruit trees that descend placidly from hills and mounds, where it is not difficult to see old holm oaks and ancient olive trees as darker tesserae of a mosaic dominated by the various greens and autumn ochres. In spring, the flowering of almond, cherry, peach and other fruit trees dyes the valley in serene, silent, placid pink tones.
The Church of the Assumption, with its austere and elegant bell tower, rises in the middle of the body of the town and constitutes the nerve center of this society of just under 300 inhabitants. The temple shelters the image of the Patron, Our Lady of Grace, one of the many examples of the ‘Marededeus’ apparition that marked the Reconquest of the Valencian lands by King Jaime I.
Lovers of their ‘Mare de Deu de Gràcia’ and their history, the inhabitants of Gorga celebrate their patron saint festivities the first weekend of September, the main collective rite of each year, together with those of Sant Blai in February organized by the youths. The town has its music band, “El Delirio”, founded in 1921, and currently residents of Gorga and various towns in the Seta Valley form part of it.
Gone are the legendary free-range roosters that made the town famous at the beginning of the 20th century at the Valencia Regional Exhibition. Of the large extensions of vineyards, devastated by phylloxera a century ago, there are hardly any traces left, although vine cultivation and winemaking have now been recovered. Many houses still preserve the cellars where the wine made in various presses that disappeared in the mid-1960s was kept. The main economic activity, together with agriculture, is now the breeding of birds on farms that are scattered throughout the term disfiguring landscape. No one has pack and work animals in their homes anymore and the threshing floors where wheat and other cereals were threshed disappeared decades ago. Then, each family kneaded their ration of bread and the women carried it on their heads to the village oven to bake it. Today the oven remains in the hands of the same family of bakers. Now they make bread for almost all the towns in the valley and make dreamy homemade pasta, a breath of pleasure that recalls the flavors and smells of those Moors and Moriscos who called Gorga “place of waters”.